Pine (Pínus) refers to the type genus of conifers, shrubs, or dwarfs from the Pinaceae family. Transplanting, as well as planting pine from the forest in early spring or autumn should be carried out correctly, according to the botanical features of the plant. Planting of pine in the spring from the forest is carried out quite early, which is due to not too active sap flow and a high level of survival of conifers.
When and how to plant
Plant conifers should be in accordance with the following rules:
- immediately after digging, the root system of the plant must be wrapped in moist tissue, which will allow to save a significant part of the roots alive;
- the earthen lump should be wide and deep, due to the presence of a very powerful and well-developed root system in the plant;
- damage to the main stem root, which can negatively affect the survival rates of conifers, should be avoided.
Most often, under the conditions of landscape design, mountain pine, as well as cedar and Weimutova pine are grown. Almost all species of pines have miniature or dwarf varieties and hybrid forms, so the choice of plants for home gardening is quite large.
Landing and transplanting
Pine is a photophilous tree, so the landing area should have a good level of illumination throughout the growing time. With the simultaneous planting of several plants, planting pits should be prepared at a distance of at least 3-4 m. The size of the pit should be slightly larger than the root system of the plant with an earthen lump.
In order for the young coniferous plant to tolerate transplantation as easily as possible, a small amount of fertilizer should be poured onto the bottom of the planting pit. Then you need to lay a layer of fertile soil and carry out abundant watering of the soil before immersing the root system of the plant. The average water consumption is about a bucket of water per plant.
Young plants with a height of not more than 0.3-0.6 m are best established. For a successful planting, you need to immerse the pine root system in the planting pit without deepening the root neck. Immediately after planting, it is recommended to shade the plants, as well as to carry out abundant watering and subsequent mulching of the soil in the trunk circles. After autumn planting, it is recommended to warm the root system with foliage or spruce branches.
How to transplant a pine in the spring
Most often in the suburban areas grown ordinary pine, widely distributed in the forests of our country. The correct and timely pruning of pines is very important when growing conifers in the conditions of home gardening. The rules for crown formation are as follows:
- Formative pruning should be started about a year after planting a pine tree in a permanent place;
- if it is necessary to preserve the natural form of pine, the plant is exclusively sanitary pruned, which consists in removing old and diseased branches of the plant, and also allows the plant to maintain a healthy appearance;
- when using pine in landscape design and for creating hedges, it is not recommended to stimulate significant tree growth in height;
- standard pruning begins when the plant reaches a height of 1.3-1.5 m.
Proper pruning of pine need to be done in accordance with the following basic requirements of agricultural technology:
- the procedure is performed when young shoots appear on the pine, called sprouts or candles;
- growth must be removed when their maximum length and needles have not yet begun the process of active fluffing;
- conifers wake up after the winter period of rest quite late, and the active development of new shoots will begin in the last spring month, so pruning is carried out in June;
- pruning is carried out with simple long-blade garden shears;
- treatment should begin with the top of the plant, and skeletal branches should be cut separately and leave hemp no more than 4-5 cm high;
- sections of the sections must be treated with copper sulfate and garden var, which will prevent the growth and development of pathogenic microflora;
- the first pruning should be carried out in the spring, and if necessary, additional crown correction is allowed.
All tools used during trimming must be sanitized and sharpened. For one pruning, no more than a third of the green mass must be removed.
Important to remember, that improper pruning very often causes coniferous crops serious harm, which is quite difficult to fix in a short time.
Fertilizer timing and rules
Currently, a large number of special fertilizers for feeding coniferous crops are being sold. The use of ordinary garden mixtures, as well as complex fertilizers, is impractical when growing evergreens, including pine. Also, you can not use manure, bird droppings and herbal infusions to feed conifers, causing active growth and subsequent yellowing of needles.
The introduction of nutrients must be carried out according to the following technology:
- high-quality fertilizers for feeding conifers must necessarily contain a sufficiently large amount of magnesium;
- You can not use nutrient compositions with a high nitrogen content, which stimulates too intensive growth of green shoots and their freezing out;
- In order to fully feed conifers, it is recommended to use mineral fertilizers, well-rotted compost and vermicompost.
Fertilizers for conifers
Top dressing is carried out twice during the garden season. The first is carried out at the stage of active vegetation of growth points, which occurs in the first half of May. The second feeding is carried out at the end of August. The best way of feeding is considered to be the use of liquid forms of fertilizer. Properly performed procedure is the key to plant health.