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The construction and type of poultry house (aviary, dovecote) for pigeons depends on the breed of birds. Domestic pigeons are sports (post), flying, decorative and meat breeds. Each pigeon variety needs its own type of room. Flying birds equip a dovecote on a dais. For beef breeds that cannot fly, a poultry house is built on the ground.
Basic requirements for the structure
When arranging a dovecote, you need to pay attention to the following nuances:
- a poultry house for pigeons should have walls, a roof that does not allow moisture to pass through;
- the room should be spacious, dry and light;
- for pigeons, you need to equip perches on a dais from the floor;
- it is advisable to install nests for females in darkened areas of the poultry house;
- fresh air must regularly enter the dovecote;
- there should be no drafts in the room;
- a large house or small cage must always be kept clean;
- in the dovecote, the optimum air temperature must be maintained all year round (from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius);
- it is undesirable to keep birds under an iron roof that heats up in the heat (overheating is possible);
- it is not recommended to equip heated dovecotes (in pampered pigeons, immunity decreases);
- in front of the bird house for flying birds, a frame is made of wooden planks that do not heat up in the heat, so that the birds can land comfortably.
Types of poultry houses
For each breed of pigeons, its own type of dovecote has been developed. The area of the house depends on the number and size of birds, but should be at least one square meter.
Such a poultry house looks like a wooden box, which is attached to the outer wall of the building (barn, outbuilding). On the front of the dovecote there should be an entrance window and a wooden platform for landing birds. You can attach an aviary to the wall, built of a metal frame and fine mesh.
The suspended poultry house is built from simple materials (boards, metal mesh) with a size of 0.5x1 meter. It is cold inside such a dovecote in winter. The house is designed for 1-2 pairs of birds.
This is a tower-shaped poultry house, which is located on a high (3-4 meters) iron pillar. Such a dovecote is built by pigeon breeders, who have about 4 pairs of flying pigeons. Each family is given a separate window for entry. There are wooden platforms for landing pigeons near the windows. The size of the dovecote is calculated depending on the number of birds. One pair needs an area of 0.5-1 sq. meter.
Usually a turret is made with a height of 1-1.5 meters and a diameter of 1.5-2 meters, which is divided into two floors. Pigeons are always fed outside the house on a platform specially attached to the wall. You can make a pillar dovecote in the form of a rectangle on four pillars (tall pipes) for 10-15 pairs of birds.
Such a house for pigeons has a number of advantages: the cheapness of building materials, the poultry house takes up little space, it can be located on any territory. The tower dovecote is designed for flying birds of hardy breeds. In winter, it is very cold inside such a room. The disadvantages also include some inconveniences for humans (it is difficult to maintain cleanliness in the poultry house, each time you have to climb the stairs to a height of food and water).
In the attic
Flying pigeon breeds love to relax on the roof. It is for this reason that it is better to equip a dovecote in the attic of a building, for example, a barn, stables, outbuildings. The poultry house should have windows for entry of birds with landing platforms and a small door for entry. A person should be able to enter the dovecote and clean up there. It is better to make the floor in the poultry house from boards tightly adjacent to each other.
An oversized attic can be divided into several compartments of 2x3 or 3x4 meters. In one section you need to keep young pigeons, in the other - old ones.
For decorative pigeons and meat breeds, you can build a house right on the ground. The size of a pigeon house is usually 2x3 or 3x4 meters. The height of the dovecote is 2-3 meters. The booth is installed on a concrete or wooden base. Boards, so as not to rot, are placed on bricks or logs. The house may have several windows for pigeons to enter and a small door for humans to enter.
The area near the booth is fenced off with a net to make a walking area. A canopy can be installed in the aviary. The house located on the ground is suitable for non-fly meat breeds. Flying pigeons are reluctant to land on low buildings, especially if there are tall buildings or trees nearby.
Some pigeon breeders build a dovecote in the form of a tall rectangular enclosure. Such a building has a kind of frame, sheathed with a netting on all sides. Inside the aviary, in the upper part, there are bird cages.
Tools and materials
For the construction of a dovecote you will need (optional):
- floor boards, drywall for roof finishing;
- mesh netting for the aviary;
- steel pipe for the tower, 15-30 cm in diameter;
- profile metal pipes for the frame;
- bricks, foam blocks or edged boards for walls;
- slate, roof tiles;
- cement mortar;
- expanded polystyrene for wall insulation;
- small plastic windows and doors;
- wooden beam;
- boards for making shelves inside the dovecote;
- wooden planks for roost;
- nails, screws, hammer, screwdriver, hacksaw, tape measure, puncher.
How to make a dovecote with your own hands
The poultry house can be built independently from scrap materials. For flying pigeons, they make a dovecote on a dais or equip an attic for it. For meat breeds, a building is built on the ground.
A dovecote for flying pigeons is built on a dais. It is advisable to choose an open area, not shaded by trees and tall buildings. If there are skyscrapers near the poultry house, then the pigeons will learn to land and rest on them. It is recommended to place the dovecote at a height of 2-3 meters from the ground. The windows for the departure and arrival of birds should face the southeast, as the pigeons wake up with the first rays of the sun.
A beef house can be built on an outbuilding area. The main thing is that there are no electrical wires, cesspools, roads, places of mass gathering of animals or people nearby. Pigeons are shy, loud noises can stress the birds.
When building a house for pigeons, they adhere to the following size recommendations:
- the area of the dovecote depends on the number of birds (one pair needs 0.5-1 square meters);
- house height - 1-3 meters;
- the size of the departure window is at least 25x18 cm;
- with a large number of livestock, several departments are made (for old, young birds, young animals);
- for a person to enter the room and separate sections, doors with a height of 1.3 meters are installed;
- the average area of one department is 2x3 or 3x4 meters.
The main stages of building a dovecote:
- Erection of a strip foundation, fabrication of a frame.
- Construction of walls or sheathing of the sides of the frame structure with wood.
- Roof construction (gable, pitched), waterproofing of the top with roofing materials.
- Floor making.
- Wall insulation.
- Installation of windows and doors, ventilation.
- Construction of an aviary from a frame and a metal mesh.
Perches must be made inside the house. They are made from slats 2-4 cm wide. Perches for flying birds are equipped with a ladder near the ceiling. For meat breeds, the platforms are erected at a height of 30 cm from the floor. You can attach wide wooden shelves to the wall, divided into sections where birds will spend the night.
Be sure to equip nests in the poultry house. They are made from boxes or wicker baskets. The nests are placed on wide planks, shelves, or hung from a wall with no perches around. The boxes are positioned so that feces from the upper nests do not stain the lower ones.
It is advisable to cover the floor, especially in winter, with straw. The litter should be removed as it gets dirty. Feeders and drinkers are installed on a walking area or on a platform near the entrance to the dovecote.
It is advisable to make the dovecote as spacious as possible. Pigeons often fight each other for perches and nests. The house should have several entrance windows so that there are no fights between the birds. It is better to equip perches in the form of a wooden rack, divided every 30-50 cm by a partition.
Regularly, you need to put things in order in the dovecote. Straw can be placed on the floor to prevent pigeon feces from staining the boards. Dirty bedding is cleaned 2-3 times a week. Once a month, it is recommended to disinfect the premises, that is, treat the floor and walls with disinfectants.
Feeders, drinkers are cleaned as they become dirty. In an aviary on the ground, you can install a bath for bathing pigeons, pour some sand near it. Birds, especially in summer, love to relax on warm ground, bask in the sun, and swim in the water.