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Tomato Samara f1 is a popular early tomato variety, which is loved by all summer residents and gardeners. The tomato is a common vegetable crop that is indispensable in the kitchen. Everyone loves tomatoes: both adults and children. They are used to prepare delicious salads, unsurpassed ketchups and sauces, borscht, all kinds of casseroles, a variety of stewed, boiled and fried dishes. Even in the preparation of everyone's favorite pizza, you cannot do without tomatoes.
Such popularity and demand for such a vegetable has led to the fact that breeders tirelessly breed more and more new varieties of it. Indeed, in order for salads or other dishes to turn out delicious, you need to purchase, or grow tomatoes of excellent quality yourself.
It just so happened that early tomato varieties are in greatest demand, because after a long winter you always want to please yourself and your loved ones with something fresh and tasty.
Samara tomatoes are an indeterminate hybrid of early ripening. The fruits of this variety grow in clusters, the crop can be harvested already 90-100 days after planting the seeds. This variety of tomatoes is suitable both for growing in the open field and for the greenhouse method. The greenhouse method of growing tomatoes Samara is more suitable for the middle latitudes of our country.
The bushes reach a height of 2 meters and need to be tied up. The number of leaves on the branches is average. Green leaves with a matte coating.
To give the variety a high yield, experts recommend removing all lateral shoots in a timely manner, thus leaving one central core. In this case, the fruits will form larger and in sufficient quantity, since the remote lateral processes in time will not take up the force from the central stem.
Fruits are round, bright scarlet color with a glossy sheen, weighing up to 80-100 grams, resistant to cracking, quite dense and elastic consistency, perfectly tolerate transportation, which makes it possible to grow this variety on an industrial commercial scale.
Taste qualities (as for early varieties) are excellent. This is another advantage of Samara tomatoes, because, as a rule, early varieties are inferior in taste to their later relatives. But this variety is an exception to this rule. The fruits are uniform, uniform in size, ripen at the same time.
With proper care and timely feeding, up to 4 kg of tasty and aromatic fruits can be harvested from one bush per season.
Another advantage of this variety is that Russian breeders have developed this variety with resistance to such common diseases as fusarium, tobacco mosaic, cladosporium.
The advantage of this variety is also the ability to pick tomatoes with whole brushes, this method of harvesting extends the shelf life of the vegetable and gives it an excellent presentation.
Disadvantages of the variety
The disadvantages of this variety include the limited region of its cultivation. Only the central regions of Russia are suitable for growing such tomatoes.
Such a tomato is not suitable for growing in greenhouses in the autumn-winter period, it is only possible to grow it in the summer-autumn season.
Growing and care
The first step in growing a tomato is to plant seeds for seedlings. This is done in the second half of February. Seeds are sown in containers to a depth of no more than one centimeter. The containers are installed in a warm place and when the first true leaves appear on the seedlings, the seedlings dive into separate pots. During the pick, the plant is fed with complex fertilizer.
Before planting in the soil, the seedlings are hardened, keeping them gradually outside, when the hardening time has already been reached to the maximum: the seedlings stood outside for at least a day and when the soil is already warmed up enough, the seedlings are planted in open ground.
Important to remember! Experts recommend this variety for growing in greenhouses.
In greenhouses, the plant must be provided with correct and timely watering, sufficient ventilation and feeding.
Before planting seedlings, holes are formed in which the seedlings are planted, then they are sprinkled with earth, lightly tamped and watered.
Then the seedlings should be provided with complete rest. The next watering is carried out after 10 days, since too moist soil is contraindicated for tomatoes. Further, until the flowering period, tomatoes are watered as the soil dries, for this they use 3-4 liters of water per one square meter. Under an hour of active fruit formation, the plant needs more abundant watering. At this time, the water consumption must be increased to 10-12 liters per square meter.
It is strictly prohibited! Pour cold water over the tomatoes. It must be heated to 20-22 degrees. To do this, you can use large containers that are placed in the sun and pour water there early in the morning.
You can also not water with stale stale water, this can contribute to diseases of tomatoes. During the period of active fruiting and ripening of fruits, the plant is watered after 5-7 days.
Air humidity is also a very important point. With high humidity, the plant will be insufficiently pollinated.
Pollination of tomatoes is carried out in a natural way, but mechanical pollination can be additionally carried out to increase yields. To do this, the branches of the plant must be gently shaken periodically. It is best to do this during the day, in bright sunny weather. After mechanical pollination, the flowers must be sprayed and the greenhouse must be ventilated.
Airing is an extremely important factor in the care of greenhouse tomatoes. For this, greenhouses must be equipped with vents.
An equally important detail and temperature regime in the greenhouse. During the day, it is necessary to maintain the same temperature at 22 degrees, at night - 20 degrees will be enough. When the period of flowering and ripening of fruits begins, the temperature should be 2-3 degrees higher, but should not exceed 26-27 degrees.
If you have read in detail the characteristics and descriptions of the Samara tomato variety, then it will not be difficult and effortless for you to grow such a popular variety of tomato on your own. But as a result, you will always have tasty, sweet and aromatic vegetables on your table.
This variety of tomatoes is suitable both for consumption fresh, raw, and for conservation. The fruits are firm enough, do not crack, and you can always pamper yourself with delicious salted or pickled tomatoes from a jar. Also, excellent tomato juice is obtained from this variety, as evidenced by the numerous positive reviews of summer residents and hostesses.