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Vima Rina is a Dutch strawberry litter that has received extremely positive feedback from experienced gardeners. So, the plant is unpretentious in care, bears fruit even before the first frost, and also has an excellent taste. We will tell you how to properly grow Vima Rina strawberries in your garden in order to get tasty fruits.
Description and species characteristics of berries
Wim Rin's strawberry is a popular variety among lovers of sweet berries. Now he is deservedly called the best among his own kind. In order to grow a tasty plant in the garden, first of all, it is worth learning about all the features of the variety.
The variety is distinguished by semi-spreading bushes with abundant foliage. The leaf plate is small, has a light green color. The foliage texture is convex, with distinct ribs, shiny, with denticles along the edges. The petiole is medium in size, slightly lowered. The flowers are small, white. Peduncles of the same level with leaves. Pedicels of inflorescences are spreading and long.
Characteristics of berries
This variety is distinguished by its large fruits. So, basically, the weight of one berry reaches 35-40 grams. However, there are specimens that weigh twice as much. The shape of the strawberry is conical, slightly elongated, with a pronounced neck. The color is glossy. The ripe berry is red in color. The flesh is quite dense and, at the same time, tender. The taste is sweet with sourness. The smell is pronounced.
Fruit buds of this variety are laid every 5-6 weeks. On average, berries develop within 14-16 days. At the same time, the duration of daylight hours and climatic conditions do not affect the establishment of generative shoot primordia.
Advantages and main disadvantages of remontant strawberries
The advantages of remontant strawberries include:
- Large fruits.
- Excellent taste.
- Long fruiting time.
- High immunity.
- Increased winter hardiness.
- Drought resistance.
- Successful transportation.
As for the shortcomings, there is only one: due to the fact that the plant completely lacks a mustache, this complicates reproduction.
How to raise Vima Rina?
To grow a healthy plant, you must adhere to a number of conditions, which we will talk about below.
How to choose a place suitable for growth?
The most suitable place for planting this variety is a flat or slightly sloped area that is sufficiently illuminated by the sun. Along with this, if there is a slight darkening, this will not affect the formation of peduncles in any way, but it will not pass without a trace for the taste of the berries. This will most likely end up with not-so-sweet strawberries.
Selection of seedlings
When choosing planting material, you need to pay attention to the following features:
- the roots of the plant should be fibrous, the length should be at least 7 centimeters;
- leaves should be bright green in color;
- leaves should be free from signs of diseases, and not damaged;
- number of sheets - 3-4 pieces.
Time for disembarkation
Strawberries are planted in autumn or spring, but it is worth considering the climatic conditions of each individual region. Spring disembarkation is preferable. Deadline - late April, early May. The main condition is that the snow cover must completely melt, and the soil must warm up to 10 degrees. A young bush begins to bloom almost immediately, taking root. The first flowers are cut off so that the plant gives a large berry in the next harvest.
A sunny place for planting strawberries is chosen. In the shade, the plant also bears fruit, but the berries are usually smaller. The soil is selected enriched with mineral and pure organic fertilizers.
The plant rapidly absorbs nutrients, so the planned feeding is done before planting.
For the Vima Rina variety, the optimal distance between the bushes is from 40 to 46 centimeters, so that the berry receives the right amount of sunlight and there is no thickening of the planting. The space between the rows should be 50 centimeters.
Step by step process
Disembarkation is carried out as follows:
- the root system is shortened to 6 centimeters;
- digging holes measuring 25 by 25 centimeters;
- fertilizers are placed in the wells, if this has not been done earlier;
- the landing site is thoroughly watered;
- plant the bushes so that the root system is directed downward, and the heart is above the soil surface;
- compact the soil around the plant;
- water the soil;
- with dry soil, mulch the landing site.
Basic rules of care
If you want to get a good harvest of Vima Rina strawberries, you must adhere to certain rules of care, which you will learn about below.
How to water properly?
The first watering begins in the last days of April. This should be done in warm, dry and cloudless weather. Bushes planted in spring, before rooting, require regular watering - 3 times a week, provided that the weather is not hot.
The plant is irrigated in the morning and in the evening. They take warm water for irrigation.
How to mulch and loosen?
Mulching can leave liquid in the soil and prevent the growth of weeds. The number of loosening is minimized, provided that the soil is mulched. This greatly simplifies the care of the plant.
For mulch used: rye or wheat straw, dry grass.It is not necessary to carry out mulching with straw for a newly planted crop.
How to feed properly?
Competent plant nutrition is an important stage. If a strawberry planted in spring has already been fertilized, it does not need feeding this season. It is worth replenishing the supply of nutrients from the next season. Experienced gardeners recommend using organic and mineral fertilizers alternately. Next, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with several feeding options.
1 tablespoon of ammonium sulfate is dissolved in 10 liters of liquid, and 2 tablespoons of manure must also be added. One spoon of this composition is placed under each bush of the plant.
Chicken droppings are mixed with wood ash and covered with water 1 to 10.
Zinc, Mg, Boron
Zinc, manganese and boron are taken in the amount of 2 tablespoons and diluted in 10 liters of liquid. This mixture improves the ovary and affects the weight of the fruit. You need to spray the plants in the evening.
Infusion of nettle leaves
A bucket of fresh nettle is poured with liquid and insisted for about a week. After the infusion is filtered, and 1 liter of it is diluted 10. The solution is used during the flowering period and after picking berries.
Phosphorus and Ca
Phosphorus and potassium are mixed in equal proportions (about 45 grams each) and introduced into the soil for loosening, after which the plant must be watered. Apply after the end of fruiting.
Preparing for the cold
The bushes of this strawberry variety are winter hardy, and are suitable for growing in open soil. Nevertheless, under a film cover, the berry will not be bad either.
How often to transplant Wim Rin strawberries?
Strawberries bear fruit for 3-4 years, after which the bushes must be transplanted.
How to deal with diseases and pests?
Strawberry Vima Rima has excellent immunity, but if the climatic conditions are difficult or care is not carried out at the proper level, the following diseases occur:
- Gray rot - the berries are affected by gray fluff, as a result of which they rot. The drug Tiram or Fuksalin will help get rid of the disease.
- White spot - small white spots appear on the leaves, petioles and peduncles, which eventually cover the entire bush, and it dries up. Iodine diluted in a proportion of 50 milliliters per 10 liters of water will help cope with the disease. The affected areas of the strawberry are removed.
- Ground mite is an insect that sucks sap and nutrients from the culture. Bitoxibacillin will help to fight the pest.
Cleaning and storing strawberries
Harvesting takes place in the early morning when the dew is dry. Also, this process can be postponed until the evening, but the berries must cool from the sun. Plucked strawberries are placed in birch bark boxes or wicker baskets. It is better to pick the berries with a tail so that they do not flow. Damaged fruits are sent for processing.
Strawberries have firm flesh and are therefore suitable for long distance transport. The berries are stored in the refrigerator for 4-5 days. Also, the variety can be stored longer if the strawberries are frozen. In addition, jam, candied fruits, jellies and compotes are made from it.
Fresh berries are more beneficial for the human body. If you want to preserve vitamins and minerals as much as possible, rub the berries with sugar. So they will last until spring.