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Among the variety of goose breeds, the breed of fighting geese stands out. Geese of the Tula breed were bred with the intention of using gander for goose fights. This is the main feature of the variety, but it also has other distinctive characteristics. Consider the description of Tula geese, pros and cons, features. And also how to competently grow, feed, maintain and breed poultry.
Description of the breed, its advantages and disadvantages
There is no exact data on who and when the Tula geese were bred. But there is an assumption that the breed was bred in the 17th century for rich people who were fond of goose fights. The best representatives were selected on several grounds, the main ones being large body and pugnaciousness.
The body of the Tula geese is massive, but compact, the constitution of the body is strong. The back and chest are broad and muscular. Short, widely spaced legs, strong wings. Thick short neck. Large head with short thick beak. The feather is gray or clay-colored, and also white. Gray birds are similar in color to wild relatives.
Within the breed, 3 types are distinguished, differing in the structure of the beak. In straight-nosed geese, the upper line of the beak is straight, in false-nosed geese it is concave, in steep-nosed geese it is convex.
Characteristics of Tula geese
Since the main characteristics of the breed are fighting, the productive qualities are not at a high level. An adult male weighs 5-6.5 kg, the maximum weight reaches 8 kg. The goose weighs 5.2-5.5 kg, the maximum weight is 7 kg. Egg production of geese - 10-30 pcs. The average egg weight is 180 g. Hump-nosed Tula geese are distinguished by the incubation instinct, so females can be entrusted with incubation of goslings. Young growth already at 9 weeks of age reaches a weight of 3.9 kg.
unpretentiousness to feeding and keeping conditions.
tolerate cold well;
tasty, not fatty meat.
full physical maturation ends only by 2 years;
low egg production.
Due to their pugnacious nature, Tula geese do not get along either with geese of other breeds, or with other poultry.
Maintenance and care requirements
The breed is unpretentious, birds do not need to organize special conditions for keeping. They can live in an ordinary poultry house, but it must be of such an area that there is enough space - at least 0.5 sq. m. Gusyatnik needs to be equipped with ventilation and lighting. The length of daylight hours in winter should be at least 10-12 hours.
Be sure to take care of the bedding in the goose bed. Birds should live on clean, dry bedding. It can be arranged by sprinkling a layer of sawdust, straw chaff, dry old peat on the floor. The thickness should be at least 10-15 cm. In winter, the litter will warm the paws of the geese.
Geese cannot live locked up, therefore, it is impossible to keep them constantly in the poultry house, without walking. To organize exercise for birds, you need to arrange a walking area next to the goose. You need to drive the geese into the pen every day, even in winter, if it is not very cold. Birds can spend the whole day walking. You can also graze on a pond, if there is one nearby. Then in the summer you won't have to feed the geese at all.
The main food of geese is fresh soft grass, therefore, if there is an opportunity to graze the birds, they can be kept in the pasture. If there is no way to graze, you need to mow the grass and give it to the geese. In addition to greens, feed with mash of finely chopped grains, and the grain must be of different types so that the feed is complete. Grated root vegetables and vegetables are added to it.
In order for fighting geese to receive vitamins and mineral elements, the mash is enriched with premixes and vitamin preparations, fish and meat and bone meal.
You need to feed the bird 2 or 3 times a day, goslings up to a month - 4-5 times, grown up - 3 times a day. For one adult bird, it is necessary to give at least 200-300 g of grain per day. Tula geese do not differ in their rapid growth, accumulation of muscle mass, therefore, for industrial cultivation for meat, you need to choose a different breed. But these ordinary geese of medium size are well suited for keeping in the household.
Tula fighting geese themselves hatch goslings. There are few eggs, but from such a quantity, you can choose a material for breeding. Oviposition begins in February; young females begin to lay a few weeks later.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The breeding herd should be formed from males and females in a ratio of 1 to 5. To ensure the transmission of breed characteristics to the offspring, only purebred representatives should be selected.
Up to 12 eggs can be placed under one goose. The female goslings incubate conscientiously and then carefully reared. Tula goslings live with their mother until the age of one month. At this time, the goose with offspring must be kept separate from the rest so that the goslings do not accidentally trample. When the chicks are 1.5 months old, you can release the brood into a common flock.
Despite strong immunity and cold resistance, Tula geese can get sick with infectious diseases. The bird gets sick when it is crowded or if it lives in a dirty, damp, dark room. Infection prevention - regular house cleaning, especially changing bedding and cleaning feeders and drinkers. Disinfection must be carried out at least 2 times a year.
With improper, not rational feeding, geese of the Tula breed are affected by diseases of the digestive tract and metabolism. To prevent them, you need to formulate a correct, balanced diet. Give wet mash, not dry, clean water to plenty of. In case of hypovitaminosis, add vitamin preparations, which can be purchased at veterinary stores, to regular feed.
Description of the fight geese
This is a fighting breed, therefore goose fights are still being held. According to the rules, birds do not fight until they bleed, so they are not aggressive and harmless. Geese can only use their wings, you can grab the wing with their beak. Do not touch your head and paws. Those who break the rules are disqualified. The battle time is 20-40 minutes, but everything ends earlier if the enemy escapes. During the fight, the fighting gander is supported not only by the owners, but also by the geese. The strongest fighters are males who are already 4-6 years old.
Tula fighting geese are an old breed that was bred for fighting. But this is not the only purpose. You can keep poultry, like other breeds, for meat. The birds are unpretentious, with careful care they do not get sick, but they also show shortcomings - a pugnacious nature and unsatisfactory egg production. However, for those poultry farmers for whom these shortcomings are not critical, the Tula breed will be a good option when you need to choose a breed for keeping in a private farm.